Diabetes Management: How Lifestyle, Daily Routine Affect Blood Sugar

Keeping your blood sugar levels within the range recommended by your doctor can be challenging. That’s because many things make your blood sugar levels change, sometimes unexpectedly. Following are some factors that can affect your blood sugar levels.

Food

Healthy eating is a cornerstone of healthy living—with or without diabetes. But if you have diabetes, you need to know how foods affect your blood sugar levels. It’s not only the type of food you eat but also how much you eat and the combinations of food types you eat.

What to do:

  • Learn about carbohydrate counting and portion sizes. A key to many diabetes management plans is learning how to count carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the foods that often have the biggest impact on your blood sugar levels. And for people taking mealtime insulin, it’s crucial to know the amount of carbohydrates in your food, so you get the proper insulin dose.

    Learn what portion size is appropriate for each type of food. Simplify your meal planning by writing down portions for the foods you eat often. Use measuring cups or a scale to ensure proper portion size and an accurate carbohydrate count.

  • Make every meal well-balanced. As much as possible, plan for every meal to have a good mix of starches, fruits and vegetables, proteins, and fats. It’s especially important to pay attention to the types of carbohydrates you choose. Some carbohydrates, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, are better for you than are others. These foods are low in carbohydrates and contain fiber that helps keep your blood sugar levels more stable. Talk to your doctor, nurse, or dietitian about the best food choices and the appropriate balance of food types.

  • Coordinate your meals and medications. Too little food in proportion to your diabetes medications—especially insulin—may result in dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Too much food may cause your blood sugar level to climb too high (hyperglycemia). Talk to your diabetes health care team about how to best coordinate meal and medication schedules.

  • Avoid sugar-sweetened beverages. Sugar-sweetened beverages—including those sweetened with high fructose corn syrup or sucrose—tend to be high in calories and offer little in the way of nutrition. And because they cause blood sugar to rise quickly, it’s best to avoid these types of drinks if you have diabetes.

    The exception is if you are experiencing a low blood sugar level. Sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soda, juice, and sports drinks, can be used as an effective treatment for quickly raising blood sugar that is too low.

Exercise

Physical activity is another important part of your diabetes management plan. When you exercise, your muscles use sugar (glucose) for energy. Regular physical activity also helps your body use insulin more efficiently.

These factors work together to lower your blood sugar level. The more strenuous your workout, the longer the effect lasts. But even light activities—such as housework, gardening, or being on your feet for extended periods—can improve your blood sugar.

What to do:

  • Talk to your doctor about an exercise plan. Ask your doctor about what type of exercise is appropriate for you. In general, most adults should exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. If you’ve been inactive for a long time, your doctor may want to check your overall health before advising you. He or she can recommend the right balance of aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise.

  • Keep an exercise schedule. Talk to your doctor about the best time of day for you to exercise so that your workout routine is coordinated with your meal and medication schedules.

  • Know your numbers. Talk to your doctor about what blood sugar levels are appropriate for you before you begin exercise.

  • Check your blood sugar level. Check your blood sugar level before, during and after exercise, especially if you take insulin or medications that lower blood sugar. Exercise can lower your blood sugar levels even a day later, especially if the activity is new to you, or if you’re exercising at a more intensive level. Be aware of warning signs of low blood sugar, such as feeling shaky, weak, tired, hungry, lightheaded, irritable, anxious, or confused.

    If you use insulin and your blood sugar level is below 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 5.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), have a small snack before you start exercising to prevent a low blood sugar level.

  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water or other fluids while exercising because dehydration can affect blood sugar levels.

  • Be prepared. Always have a small snack or glucose tablets with you during exercise in case your blood sugar level drops too low. Wear a medical identification bracelet when you’re exercising.

  • Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed. If you take insulin, you may need to reduce your insulin dose before exercising, or wait awhile after exercise to inject insulin. Your doctor can advise you on appropriate changes in your medication. You may also need to adjust treatment if you’ve increased your exercise routine.

Medication

Insulin and other diabetes medications are designed to lower your blood sugar levels when diet and exercise alone aren’t sufficient for managing diabetes. But the effectiveness of these medications depends on the timing and size of the dose. Medications you take for conditions other than diabetes also can affect your blood sugar levels.

What to do:

  • Store insulin properly. Insulin that’s improperly stored or past its expiration date may not be effective. Insulin is especially sensitive to extremes in temperature.
  • Report problems to your doctor. If your diabetes medications cause your blood sugar level to drop too low or if it’s consistently too high, the dosage or timing may need to be adjusted.
  • Be cautious with new medications. If you’re considering an over-the-counter medication or your doctor prescribes a new drug to treat another condition—such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol—ask your doctor or pharmacist if the medication may affect your blood sugar levels. Liquid medications may be sweetened with sugar to cover their taste. Sometimes an alternate medication may be recommended. Always check with your doctor before taking any new over-the-counter medication, so you know how it may impact your blood sugar level.

Illness

When you’re sick, your body produces stress-related hormones that help your body fight the illness, but they also can raise your blood sugar level. Changes in your appetite and normal activity also may complicate diabetes management.

What to do:

  • Plan ahead. Work with your health care team to create a sick-day plan. Include instructions on what medications to take, how often to measure your blood sugar and urine ketone levels, how to adjust your medication dosages, and when to call your doctor.
  • Continue to take your diabetes medication. However, if you’re unable to eat because of nausea or vomiting, contact your doctor. In these situations, you may need to adjust your insulin dose or temporarily stop taking your medication because of a risk of hypoglycemia.
  • Stick to your diabetes meal plan. If you can, eating as usual will help you control your blood sugar levels. Keep a supply of foods that are easy on your stomach, such as gelatin, crackers, soups and applesauce. Drink lots of water or other fluids that don’t add calories, such as tea, to make sure you stay hydrated. If you’re taking insulin, you may need to sip sugar-sweetened beverages, such as juice or a sports drink, to keep your blood sugar level from dropping too low.

Alcohol

The liver normally releases stored sugar to counteract falling blood sugar levels. But if your liver is busy metabolizing alcohol, your blood sugar level may not get the boost it needs from your liver. Alcohol can result in low blood sugar shortly after you drink it and for as many as 24 hours more.

What to do:

  • Get your doctor’s OK to drink alcohol. Alcohol can aggravate diabetes complications, such as nerve damage and eye disease. But if your diabetes is under control and your doctor agrees, an occasional alcoholic drink is fine. Moderate alcohol consumption is defined as no more than one drink a day for women of any age and men over 65 years old and two drinks a day for men under 65. One drink equals a 12-ounce beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits.
  • Don’t drink alcoholic beverages on an empty stomach. If you take insulin or other diabetes medications, be sure to eat before you drink or drink with a meal to prevent low blood sugar.
  • Choose your drinks carefully. Light beer and dry wines have fewer calories and carbohydrates than do other alcoholic drinks. If you prefer mixed drinks, sugar-free mixers—such as diet soda, diet tonic, club soda, or seltzer—won’t raise your blood sugar.
  • Tally your calories. Remember to include the calories from any alcohol you drink in your daily calorie count. Ask your doctor or dietitian how to incorporate calories and carbohydrates from alcoholic drinks into your diet plan.
  • Check your blood sugar level before bed. Because alcohol can lower blood sugar levels long after you’ve had your last drink, check your blood sugar level before you go to sleep. If your blood sugar isn’t between 100 and 140 mg/dL (5.6 and 7.8 mmol/L), have a snack before bed to counter a drop in your blood sugar level.

Menstruation and menopause

Changes in hormone levels the week before and during menstruation can result in significant fluctuations in blood sugar levels. And in the few years before and during menopause, hormone changes may result in unpredictable variations in blood sugar levels that complicate diabetes management.

What to do:

  • Look for patterns. Keep careful track of your blood sugar readings from month to month. You may be able to predict fluctuations related to your menstrual cycle.
  • Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed. Your doctor may recommend changes in your meal plan, activity level, or diabetes medications to make up for blood sugar variation.
  • Check blood sugar more frequently. If you’re likely approaching menopause or experiencing menopause, talk to your doctor about whether you need to monitor your blood sugar level more often. Symptoms of menopause can sometimes be confused with symptoms of low blood sugar, so whenever possible, check your blood sugar before treating a suspected low to confirm the low blood sugar level.

Most forms of birth control can be used by women with diabetes without a problem. However, oral contraceptives may raise blood sugar levels in some women.

Stress

If you’re stressed, the hormones your body produces in response to prolonged stress may cause a rise in your blood sugar level. Additionally, it may be harder to closely follow your usual diabetes management routine if you’re under a lot of extra pressure.

What to do:

  • Look for patterns. Log your stress level on a scale of 1 to 10 each time you log your blood sugar level. A pattern may soon emerge.
  • Take control. Once you know how stress affects your blood sugar level, fight back. Learn relaxation techniques, prioritize your tasks, and set limits. Whenever possible, avoid common stressors. Exercise can often help relieve stress and lower your blood sugar level.
  • Get help. Learn new strategies for coping with stress. You may find that working with a psychologist or clinical social worker can help you identify stressors, solve stressful problems or learn new coping skills.

The more you know about factors that influence your blood sugar level, the more you can anticipate fluctuations—and plan accordingly. If you’re having trouble keeping your blood sugar level in your target range, ask your diabetes health care team for help.

Updated: 2017-05-06

Publication Date: 2000-04-14

18 Best Beauty Deals on Amazon Prime Day

Amazon Prime Day 2018 is finally here, which means that Prime members can now stock up on their favorite beauty items or overhaul their cabinets for a fresh #topshelfie at discounted prices.

If you happen to be a beauty aficionado and a Prime member, you should definitely know about the best beauty deals the online retailer is offering on in-demand skin-care and makeup items for a limited time, like Clarisonic cleansers, L’Oreal mascara, and micellar water.

Not a member yet? You can join Amazon Prime or start a 30-day trial to get in on exclusive beauty deals that will help revamp or restock your makeup shelves, and still leave some cash in your wallet.

Below, check out 18 skincare and makeup products that are on sale right now for Amazon Prime Day 2018. The discounts are only here for 36 hours (from now through 3 A.M. EST July 18)—and sell out fast—so shop your favorites before they’re gone for good. PS: Discounts are applied at check out to a lot of the products listed below, so make sure to update your bag to see your total savings.

17 Best Beauty Deals on Amazon Prime Day

Amazon Prime Day 2018 is finally here, which means that Prime members can now stock up on their favorite beauty items or overhaul their cabinets for a fresh #topshelfie at discounted prices.

If you happen to be a beauty aficionado and a Prime member, you should definitely know about the number of price cuts the retailer is offering on in-demand skin-care and makeup items for a limited time, like Clarisonic cleansers, L’Oreal mascara, and micellar water.

Not a member yet? You can join Amazon Prime or start a 30-day trial to get in on exclusive beauty deals that will help revamp or restock your makeup shelves, and still leave some cash in your wallet.

Below, check out 17 skincare and makeup products that are on sale right now for Amazon Prime Day 2018. The discounts are only here for 36 hours (from now through 3 A.M. EST July 18)—and sell out fast—so shop your favorites before they’re gone.

16 Best Beauty Deals on Amazon Prime Day

Amazon Prime Day 2018 is finally here, which means that Prime members can now stock up on their favorite beauty items or overhaul their cabinets for a fresh #topshelfie at discounted prices.

If you happen to be a beauty aficionado and a Prime member, you should definitely know about the number of price cuts the retailer is offering on in-demand skin-care and makeup items for a limited time, like Clarisonic cleansers, L’Oreal mascara, and micellar water.

Not a member yet? You can join Amazon Prime or start a 30-day trial to get in on exclusive beauty deals that will help revamp or restock your makeup shelves, and still leave some cash in your wallet.

Below, check out 16 skincare and makeup products that are on sale right now for Amazon Prime Day 2018. The discounts are only here for 36 hours (from now through 3 A.M. EST July 18)—and sell out fast—so shop your favorites before they’re gone.

Best Amazon Prime Day 2018 Tech Deals from Echo to Bluetooth Speakers

Although my Instagram bio may not exactly allude to it, I am—without a doubt—a techie. I love to stay abreast of new gadget releases, app updates, and usually find myself being the person to fix any and every tech problem my family has. When I’m not spending a good chunk of my paycheck on beauty and fashion products, I’m checking out which new device is worth my attention, which is why I’m so excited about Amazon Prime Day 2018.

The retailer has hundreds of cult-favorite technology on sale—like the Amazon Echo Dot and the Fire TV Stick—at pretty big discounts. If you’re not an Amazon Prime member already, sign up ASAP to start a 30-day trial, and score exclusive discounts on cool electronics for your home that will help you live in the future (if that’s your thing).

I’ve rounded up my own personal tech wish list of products that I absolutely need from this year’s Prime Day sale—you might find the tech product you’ve been waiting for here too. Since these discounts only last for 36 hours (now through 3 A.M. EST July 18), be sure to checkout with your favorite tech goodies soon before someone else snags them first.

5 Facts About Angelique Kerber, the German Tennis Star Who Just Won Wimbledon

If you talk to someone about this year’s Wimbledon tournament, it’s likely the first name mentioned will be Serena Williams. The 36-year-old American tennis champ made it to the final round of the women’s singles portion of the tournament this past weekend, just 10 months after giving birth to her daughter and undergoing surgery to address life-threatening complications. In a heartfelt Twitter post published this morning, Williams celebrated hard-working moms everywhere, and her husband, Alexis Ohanian, also shared a tear-inducing tribute on Instagram about how far his wife has come.

Despite Williams’ impressive comeback performance, it was Angelique Kerber who took home the Venus Rosewater Dish trophy as the 2018 Wimbledon women’s singles champ this year. The German athlete powered through the tournament to eclipse Williams in the finals on Saturday, July 14, winning both matches 6 to 3. And although Kerber, 30, may not have arrived at the games with as riveting a narrative as Williams, she is a tremendously tough and decorated athlete.

Here, five things to know about the 2018 Wimbledon champ and her impressive resume.

1. Kerber was the first German woman to win at Wimbledon in more than 20 years, and one of only two women to beat Williams twice in a Grand Slam final.

The athlete broke a 22-year drought for the Germans, becoming the first female singles winner from her country since legend Steffi Graff won in 1996, according to ESPN. Kerber is also on the (very short) list of athletes who have defeated Williams twice in a Grand Slam final, joining Williams’ sister Venus Williams, according to ESPN W.

2. This was Kerber’s first ever Wimbledon win, but she’s no stranger to Grand Slam podiums.

Kerber won the 2016 Australian Open, where she previously defeated Williams in the finals, as well as the 2016 U.S. Open, where she bested Czech player Karolína Plíšková in the finals. These wins moved her ranking to No. 1 in women’s singles at the time. Her win at Wimbledon on Saturday marked her third Grand Slam victory, leaving just one Grand Slam tournament—the French Open—off her list of accolades. Winning all four majors—a feat known as the Career Grand Slam—is a major accomplishment that only eight players in the history of women’s singles tennis have achieved. After Saturday’s win, Kerber’s world ranking in women’s singles improved from 10th to 4th, according to the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) rankings.

3. Kerber was very nervous to play Williams. Her strategy going into the finals was “be aggressive.”

“To be honest, I was quite nervous before the match,” Kerber revealed during a post-finals press conference. “I know that against Serena I have to play my best tennis, especially in the important moments, and you know, I was trying just being aggressive and when I have the chance going for it…You never know with her [Serena]; she is always fighting until the last [moment].”

This no-holds-barred strategy worked. Kerber returned an impressive 80 percent of Williams’ serves, compared to less than 60 percent returned by Williams’ other opponents in the tournament, according to The New York Times. Kerber also made only five unforced errors (an error that’s not caused by the opponent’s good play) in the final match, compared to 24 unforced errors by Williams, according to ESPN.

4. Kerber’s victory comes after an especially challenging year in 2017, which she said ultimately helped lead her to where she is today.

As mentioned, Kerber had a phenomenal year in 2016. But the prowess that propelled her to success didn’t carry through to 2017, as she failed to make it beyond the fourth round of any Grand Slam, dropped out of the top 20 WTA rankings, and parted ways with her longtime coach, according to ESPN W.

When reflecting on these tough setbacks now, Kerber sees them as necessary stepping stones.

“Without 2017, I couldn’t win this tournament,” Kerber told ESPN W.”I learned a lot from last year, with all the expectations, all the things I go through. I learned so many things about myself, about how to deal with this….Also, [it was hard] to find the motivation after 2016, which was amazing. To [have] such a year [again] is impossible. But now I am just trying to [improve] my game, thinking not too much about the results, trying to be a better tennis player, a better person, and I’m trying to enjoy tennis again.”

5. She’s a gracious winner and supportive competitor.

After hitting the tournament-winning serve, Kerber collapsed onto the court for several moments, and then in a show of admirable sportswomanship, quickly stood up and walked across the court to hug Williams. In the post-finals press conference, Kerber expressed her happiness over finally achieving a lifetime goal.

“When I was a kid, I was always dreaming of this moment, and to win Wimbledon is something really special in my career,” Kerber said. She also shared sentiments of support for Williams.

“Serena didn’t lose the match,” Kerber said. “I won the match.”

Seeking Approval Made Me Instagram Famous—Then Sent Me Into a Panic Spiral

When I shared my first photo to Instagram in 2013 under the handle WayofGray, I had no idea it would all come crashing down because of the bullying and rejection I had faced when I was 11 years old. I had no idea my time posting to the channel was connected to the time I spent self-harming at 13. I would never have guessed that my obsession with my body at 16 would be heightened with every photo I took as an adult. I had no idea I was using the platform to fill a void, a void I had attempted to fill many times before, a void that couldn’t even be filled by a following of over 450,000 people across the world.

From the outside looking in, I was the embodiment of living your best life. I had a global audience and the images I was sharing suggested I was healthy, fit, and had my life together. I ate chia seeds and spinach for breakfast. I was clearly super healthy and undeniably happy. Right?

On my channel, you would have found countless pictures where I roared, “Love yourself!” while I flashed my core. I wanted others to embrace who they were, but only when looking at a picture of me, smiling in a cute sports bra. Duh.

But underneath all of the flashy workout clothes and spray tans, it never felt authentic. I felt as though I was living a double life. I had workout clothes that were specifically for photo shoots, then the workout clothes I actually wore. I was denying myself every one of my natural instincts, which was to eat cookies, pizza, and chocolate. I always loved food, and now it made me miserable. I would starve myself before photo shoots and get not one, but two fake tans to ensure the photos were just right. It was all for the gram.

Reading this, you may think I was knowingly deceiving my audience. You probably think I’m incredibly vain, also.

The truth?

I was deceiving myself. I desperately wanted to be that girl. I was trying to squish myself into a perfect little Instagram box. I wanted to love it.

At the height of my success—and 35,000 feet above the ground—the fiction of happiness I’d created for myself started to crumble away.

I was boarding the first of two flights from New York to my home in Edmonton, Canada. When the airplane doors closed, I was suddenly drenched in sweat. I was freezing cold, and yet unbearably hot. I was shaking uncontrollably. My thoughts raced, but my lips couldn’t form a single word. I felt as if I might throw up and poop my pants simultaneously. It wasn’t the flu. I wasn’t sick.

I was freaking the f*ck out.

Panic attack. Mental breakdown. Rock bottom. Whatever you want to call it, my world turned upside down.

To this day I can’t entirely remember what happened on the rest of that 45-minute flight. But I knew as soon as those tires hit the runway, there was no way I’d be getting on the next flight and risk going through that again.

Have you ever asked someone to rearrange all their plans so they could drive you from one side of an entire continent to the other? I did, and I can never forget it. It was the moment I allowed my anxieties to take full and total control of my life.

My now husband and I picked up the rental car and put our destination into the GPS. At that time, I thought I was taking the easy way out. I was going to avoid four hours trapped on a plane with my uncomfortable feelings! I soon discovered I was deceiving myself again.

While, yes, I would skip the terror of four hours on a plane, I was trading it for 38 hours confined to a car, where I had nothing to do but fully stew in those uncomfortable feelings.

During the first few hours of the drive, I felt great. But as the sun began to set, my anxiety rose.

Have you ever been in the middle of rural Wisconsin in the middle of the night? There is a shit-ton of open space. While it can be beautiful, in that moment I couldn’t to take in the beauty. I was in the middle of nowhere with nowhere to escape. As my fears started to bubble up, I reached out to my good friend Jana, I was hoping she could recommend a self-help book that would get me through it.

“All the books in the world will do nothing in comparison to using your body to transform it,” was Jana’s response.

I took a deep breath and decided that I would do my best to take her advice to heart.

And then, it hit me. I had thought it was flying that was to blame for my absolute terror. Nope. It was the void I spent the last decade trying to fill.

All of a sudden, I felt a rush of emotions. My 16-year-old self flashed through my mind and greeted me with a tape measure wrapped around her body. My 13-year-old self stood helpless and in pain of her own doing. Then, I saw the moment when the void was formed. And I saw the ways I was trying to use Instagram to fill it.

I saw my 11-year-old self crying alone in a corner, rejected by her friends. She was left out, ditched and bullied.

It all started to make sense.

I thought I had found acceptance as the fitness personality on my channels, but the person I was portraying wasn’t who I truly was.

I had found acceptance in being the girl who shared fitness photos. I found validation with every post I made. With every follower I gained, I felt the acceptance I never experienced previously.

When I finally saw all of the pieces of my life together, every choice, every feeling, and every experience I faced up until that point started to make sense. It was as though my life was a movie and had the underlying theme of acceptance woven throughout it. My experience with bullying had led me to believe that part of me wasn’t deserving of a voice. But that voice was desperately trying to be heard. Though I did a great job at burying that voice down, it used the flight to make sure I heard it.

And, I did.

I spent the next few weeks crying every morning. Without knowing the significance of it in my life, I started a journaling and breathing practice. Every morning I’d wake up, sit on my couch, and try my best to take some deep breaths and get my thoughts down on paper. At first there were more tears than words in my journal. But every morning, I tried and tried again. And again.

Though the tears eventually stopped, my practice did not. I slowly started to put the pieces back together. As I discovered on the road trip, I had no place to hide. The feelings came from within, and I was finally willing to listen to myself. Each morning I would journal and engage in a dialogue with a part of myself I’d been ignoring. I journaled with my body, with my past, with my emotions. It may sound odd, but it worked. Piece by piece. Word by word.

I started connecting with myself.

Through journaling I found the value my body offered, regardless of its size. I discovered that the emotional pain that caused me to hurt myself in my younger years was simply an emotion that needed to be felt so it could be released. I connected with my worth and found my own acceptance.

During this process, what I had been previously sharing on my accounts faded away. I no longer turned to the platform to find acceptance, but to share the power of the practice that saved my life and helped me finally accept myself. I stopped flashing my abs and masking self-doubt with costumes and contrived poses. I started showing my authentic self—the one who’s vulnerable and imperfect, the one who eats cookies and doesn’t feel bad about it because there’s no reason to feel bad about that. It was a public reckoning that caused me to lose over 70,000 Instagram followers in the year that followed. But I gained much more than that. I finally found my way to Sophie Gray.

We may have less control over our thoughts than previously assumed

Think you’re totally in control of your thoughts? Maybe not as much as you think, according to a new San Francisco State University study that examines how thoughts that lead to actions enter our consciousness.

While we can “decide” to think about certain things, other information — including activities we have learned like counting — can enter our subconscious and cause us to think about something else, whether we want to or not. Psychologists call these dispositions “sets,” explains SF State Associate Professor of Psychology Ezequiel Morsella, one of four authors on a new study that examines how sets influence what we end up thinking about.

Morsella and the other researchers conducted two experiments with SF State students. In the first experiment, 35 students were told beforehand to not count an array of objects presented to them. In 90 percent of the trials, students counted the objects involuntarily. In a second experiment, students were presented with differently colored geometric shapes and given the option of either naming the colors (one set) or counting the shapes (a different set). Even though students chose one over the other, around 40 percent thought about both sets.

“The data support the view that, when one is performing a desired action, conscious thoughts about alternative plans still occupy the mind, often insuppressibly,” said Morsella.

Understanding how sets work could have implications for the way we absorb information — and whether we choose to act or not. We think of our conscious minds as private and insulated from the outside world, says Morsella. Yet our “insulation” may be more permeable than we think.

“Our conscious mind is the totality of our experience, a kind of ‘prime real estate’ in the cognitive apparatus, influencing both decision-making and action,” Morsella said.

The new study demonstrates that it’s actually quite easy to activate sets in people and influence what occupies the brain’s “prime real estate.”

“The research shows that stimuli in the environment are very important in determining what we end up thinking about and that once an action plan is strongly activated its many effects can be difficult to override,” said Morsella.

The study’s findings support Morsella’s passive frame theory, which posits that most thoughts enter our brains as a result of subliminal processes we don’t totally control.

Story Source:

Materials provided by San Francisco State University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

McDonald’s Stops Selling Salads at 3,000 Locations Due to Possible Cyclospora Parasite Contamination

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are investigating an outbreak of cyclosporiasis, an infection caused by the microscopic cyclospora cayetanensis parasite, that may be linked to McDonald’s salads. The company has voluntarily stopped selling salads at “approximately 3,000 of our U.S. restaurants primarily located in the Midwest,” the fast food chain said in a statement last week.

According to the FDA, 61 people in seven states have become sick in connection with the outbreak, including Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Additionally, “out of an abundance of caution,” McDonald’s says it has stopped selling the salads at locations in those states as well as Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Montana, North Dakota, Kentucky, and West Virginia.

The FDA is working with McDonald’s to identify which ingredients in their salads may be the culprit. Although there is some overlap in the states affected, the FDA says it doesn’t currently have evidence to suggest these cases are associated with the cyclosporiasis outbreak linked to Del Monte vegetable trays reported earlier this month.

As SELF wrote previously, the symptoms of cyclosporiasis usually appear about a week after the parasite is ingested.

The symptoms of cyclosporiasis are similar to other foodborne illnesses and, according to the CDC, may include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Watery diarrhea
  • Cramping and bloating
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea

Treatment usually involves home remedies (e.g. staying hydrated) and the use of antibiotics. Without treatment, your symptoms may last from a few days to over a month. Even with treatment, you may experience a relapse, meaning the diarrhea and vomiting may go away only to come back a few more times. And, the CDC says, many people don’t get any symptoms at all.

But if you think you may have cyclosporiasis, the FDA says you should contact your doctor for proper diagnosis and care.

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