8 Great Lower-Body Exercises for People With Knee Pain

If exercises like lunges and squats hurt your knees, you might be quick to blame the knees themselves. But just because that’s the joint that’s speaking up during your workout doesn’t mean it deserves to take all the heat.

Brad Whitley, D.P.T., a physical therapist at Bespoke Treatments Physical Therapy in Seattle, says that when he sees clients complaining about knee pain during these exercises, it’s often caused by lack of mobility or strength in the hips or ankles. These body parts sort of “bookend” the knee, so when they can’t work at their full capacity, you may end up putting more stress/strain on the knee than it can handle.

But really, any imbalance in muscles of the lower extremity—quads, hamstrings, hip adductors, calves—can impact how your knees feel. They all support the two knee joints, the tibiofemoral joint and the patellofemoral joint, so it’s important to make sure they’re pulling their weight if you want your knees to feel OK. Of course, if you experience a sharp or sudden pain, hear a tear or popping noise, or have pain or swelling that doesn’t get better after a few days, it’s a good idea to check with a doctor to make sure you aren’t injured.

If what you’re feeling, though, is a more general achiness and discomfort that’s exacerbated by lower-body exercises, building up the surrounding muscles may make a big difference in your knee pain. Until you build up the surrounding muscles and start to feel better, avoid movements that feel painful or hard on your knees, and anything that’s high-impact, suggests Lori Karchinski, D.P.T., clinical director of Professional Physical Therapy in Copiague, New York. “Such activities [you should avoid] include sudden starts and stops, and anything involving jumping and landing. Try to pick ‘knee-friendly’ activities, like a bicycle over a treadmill, in order to minimize the weight you’re putting on a painful joint,” Karchinski says.

She also adds that if lunges and squats do cause discomfort, it might be a sign you’re doing them improperly. “These exercises should always be done with no extra loading until form is perfected,” she says. Here’s some info on how to do a lunge the right way, and details on squat form.

Below, check out a few lower-body exercises that will help you work the all-important knee-supporting muscles in a low-impact way. Modeling the moves is Andrew Ahn, a fitness enthusiast who enjoys weight training, powerlifting, and trying new forms of exercise that will help him set and work toward new goals.

Alzheimer’s: Managing Sleep Problems

Sleep problems and Alzheimer’s disease often go hand in hand. Understand what contributes to sleep problems in Alzheimer’s—and what you can do to help.

Common Alzheimer’s sleep problems

Many older adults have problems sleeping, but people who have Alzheimer’s often have an even harder time. Problems include waking up more often, staying awake longer in the night, and feeling drowsy during the day. People with Alzheimer’s might also experience a state of confusion occurring in the late afternoon and spanning into the night (sundowning). Sleep disturbances often increase as Alzheimer’s progresses and can promote behavioral problems.

Factors that might contribute to Alzheimer’s sleep disturbances include:

  • Mental and physical exhaustion at the end of the day
  • Changes in the body clock, causing people with Alzheimer’s to mix up day and night
  • A need for less sleep, which is common among older adults
  • Disorientation
  • Reactions to nonverbal cues of frustration from exhausted caregivers at the end of the day
  • Reduced lighting and increased shadows, which can cause people with Alzheimer’s to become confused and afraid

Supporting a good night’s sleep

Sleep disturbances can take a toll on both you and your loved one. To promote better sleep:

  • Treat underlying conditions. If you suspect that an underlying condition—such as sleep apnea or restless legs syndrome—is interfering with your loved one’s sleep, talk to his or her doctor.
  • Establish a routine. Maintain regular times for eating, waking up, and going to bed.
  • Avoid stimulants. Limit your loved one’s use of alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine, which can interfere with sleep. Also, discourage your loved one from watching TV immediately before bedtime or when he or she wakes up at night.
  • Encourage physical activity. Plan your loved one’s days to include walks and other physical activities, which can help promote better sleep at night.
  • Limit daytime sleep. If your loved one needs a nap, keep it short and make sure it’s not too late in the day.
  • Create a comfortable sleeping environment. Make sure your loved one’s bedroom is a comfortable temperature. Provide night lights and security objects.
  • Manage medications. Make sure your loved one is taking his or her medications at the appropriate times so that they don’t interfere with sleep.

When a loved one wakes during the night

If your loved one wakes during the night, stay calm—even though you might be exhausted yourself. Don’t argue. Instead, ask what your loved one needs. Gently remind him or her that it’s night and time for sleep. If your loved one needs to pace, don’t try to restrain him or her. Instead, allow it under your supervision.

Using sleep medications

If nondrug approaches aren’t working, your loved one’s doctor might recommend sleep-inducing medications. However, using these kinds of medications can increase the risk of falls, fractures, and confusion. Once a regular sleep pattern is established, the doctor will likely recommend attempting to discontinue use of the medications.

Remember that you need sleep, too.

Your loved one’s sleep is important, but so is yours. If you’re not getting enough sleep, you might not have the patience and energy needed to take care of someone who has Alzheimer’s. Your loved one might also sense your stress and become agitated.

If possible, have family members or friends alternate nights with you—or talk with your loved one’s doctor, a social worker, or a representative from a local Alzheimer’s association to find out what help is available in your area.

Updated: 2017-11-15

Publication Date: 2002-12-05

New York Mets Player David Wright Announced He’s Retiring Due to Spinal Stenosis

New York Mets third baseman David Wright retired after playing his final game on Saturday—and he made it clear that that he wished things were different. Wright, 35, said that he has spinal stenosis, a painful condition that made it “debilitating” to play baseball at times.

“I can’t sit here and tell you that I’m good with where I’m at right now, that would be a lie, it would be false,” Wright said at a postgame conference, as reported by Forbes. “I’m at peace with the work and the time and the effort, the dedication that I put into this. But I’m certainly not at peace with the end result. But tonight was special.”

Wright, who had several surgeries for spinal stenosis, announced in mid-September that he would be retiring because of his condition. “From everything the doctors have told me, there’s not going to be any improvement,” he said during a press conference announcing his retirement, per USA Today. “Some days the pain could be moderate and manageable. Some days it was too much to be thinking about baseball. … It’s debilitating to play baseball.”

Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spaces in your spine become narrow.

In most cases, people experience stenosis in their lower back (a form of the condition called lumbar stenosis). But it can also occur elsewhere, like in the neck, which is called cervical stenosis. In any case, the narrowing that occurs puts extra pressure on the bundle of nerves that travel through your spine (the spinal cord) and may cause pain, the Mayo Clinic explains. While some people have no symptoms or very mild symptoms, others may have intense pain, numbness, muscle weakness, or a tingling sensation. These symptoms tend to get worse over time.

Because of the way your nerves are laid out, when spinal stenosis occurs in your neck, it can cause numbness tingling, or weakness in your hand, arm, foot, or leg; problems with walking and balance; neck pain; and in severe situations, bowel or bladder issues. When it’s in your lower back, it can cause numbness, weakness, or tingling in your foot or leg; pain or cramping in one or both legs; and back pain.

Given that most cases of spinal stenosis happen in the lower back, “usually what people notice is a cramping or heavy feeling in their buttocks or thighs,” Mike Murray, M.D., an associate of orthopaedic surgery at Penn Medicine, tells SELF. “That’s usually worse with walking and standing, but it gets better with sitting or leaning forward.”

Every time you stand and walk, your spinal canal narrows, Neel Anand, M.D., professor of orthopaedic surgery and director of spine trauma at Cedars-Sinai Spine Center in Los Angeles, tells SELF. “In spinal stenosis patients, your nerves get squeezed and you have to sit down to get relief,” he says. “When you sit down, you open up the spinal canal.”

The most common cause of spinal stenosis is run-of-the-mill osteoarthritis, the Mayo Clinic says, but there are a variety of risk factors.

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the cartilage on the ends of your bones gradually wears down over time, which causes pain, joint stiffness, and narrowing of the spine that sometimes results in spinal stenosis. By age 50, most people have some amount of damage due to osteoarthritis, so spinal stenosis is most common in older adults.

But some people are more likely to get it or to develop it earlier in life than others. For instance, some of us are simply born with a smaller-than-usual spinal canal, which may lead to pain at a younger age, Jessalyn Adam, M.D., attending sports medicine physician at Mercy Medical Center, tells SELF.

People can also develop spinal stenosis from bone spurs that grow into the spinal canal, a herniated disc (which is a bulging out of the soft cushions that are between the vertebrae in your back), a thickening of your ligaments (tough cords that help hold the bones of your spine together), a tumor inside your spinal cord, or a spinal injury, the Mayo Clinic says.

There are ways to treat spinal stenosis and alleviate the pain and discomfort associated with it.

Although you can’t really stop osteoarthritis once it stops, you can slow its progress and manage symptoms with physical therapy and medications like OTC pain relievers, the antidepressant duloxetine (which can help ease chronic pain), or steroid injections to relieve inflammation. These methods, as well as anti-seizure drugs (which can reduce pain caused by damaged nerves) and opioids for short-term pain relief, can also help manage the symptoms of spinal stenosis, should it develop, the Mayo Clinic says.

If those interventions don’t help, you may need surgery. “Surgery is very effective in alleviating the back and leg pain from stenosis,” Justin J. Park, M.D., an orthopedic spine surgeon at the Maryland Spine Center at Mercy Medical Center, tells SELF. But if you have a job where you have to forcefully bend, twist, and turn your spine a lot (say, throwing a baseball around all day), it can just be “too much” even if you’ve had surgery, Dr. Park says.

But, in most cases, patients are able to recover with the right treatment plan. “Every patient and circumstance is different, but spinal stenosis is an extremely treatable condition,” Dr. Anand says.


This Awesome Detangling Brush Is the Stuff Hair Dreams Are Made Of

Anyone with curly, coily, or extremely wavy hair knows how difficult it can be to manage, and how important a good detangling brush is. Don’t get me wrong, I’m totally in love with the bounce and tightness of my natural curls (most days) but that doesn’t mean they’re not high-maintenance. For me, shampooing is the easiest part of my hair care routine; the difficult part—the actual detangling—comes once I’ve rinsed my hair clean.

Whether I’m detangling in the shower while my hair is soaking wet or waiting until it’s only slightly damp before I start, detangling my hair is definitely a process—and not one that I could say I enjoyed—until I found my new holy-grail brush. I’d like to think the Tangle Teezer’s Ultimate Detangler was delivered to me on the wings of angels. I had already been a fan of the original Tangle Teezer (which you hold in the palm of your hand) but once I was offered the opportunity to try the upgraded version of the brush—now with built-in handle—I knew I couldn’t pass it up.

B.B. (or Before Brush), I was already using the original Tangle Teezer as a prelude to the hardcore detangling I’d inevitably wind up doing afterwards with a wide tooth comb. Although I liked using the first Tangle Teezer to gently remove knots and tangles with minimal snagging, it wasn’t enough to really smooth out my hair (I was telling the truth when I said it’s high maintenance). The design of the brush’s teeth allow my hair—even the really, really knotty parts—to pass through without accidentally snapping any strands, which is more than I can say for my day-to-day paddle brush.

Now that I have the Ultimate Detangler, I realize that the handle is super clutch for control purposes. I feel like it’s more than well equipped to take on even the most difficult tangles with ease. To get the best use out of the brush, I typically separate my hair into sections while it’s damp or hydrate with leave-in conditioner, then brush each section one by one until I’ve covered my entire head. I used to think it was almost impossible to create a sleek low bun with my curls, but with this tool even my wildest hair dreams are possible (no matter how basic they may be).

The best part? Right now this miracle brush (plus a few others from the brand) are on sale at Ulta, which is more than enough reason to test out the Tangle Teezer for yourself. Trust me—your curls will thank you.

Buy it: Tangle Teezer Ultimate Detangler, $11 (originally $14), ulta.com

More Than 6.5 Million Pounds of Raw Beef Recalled for Possible Salmonella Contamination

Just last week Cargill Meat Solutions recalled more than 25,000 pounds of raw ground beef due to E. coli fears. But check your freezer again—because now, Arizona-based company JBS Tolleson, Inc. is recalling 3,250 tons (6,500,966 pounds) of raw beef products that may have been contaminated with salmonella.

According to an investigation by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), there have been 57 cases of salmonella infection in 16 states associated with the JBS beef.

The investigation, which began on September 5, linked receipts and shopper card numbers of eight people who later became sick back to the purchase of these particular products, the FSIS said in a press release.

“FSIS, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and state public health and agriculture partners have now determined that raw ground beef was the probable source of the reported illnesses,” according to the press release, which also noted that the illnesses occurred between August 5 and September 6. “Traceback has identified JBS as the common supplier of the ground beef products.”

The products, which were packaged between July 26 and September 7, 2018 and shipped to stores around the country, include several kinds of ground beef. Per the FSIS, look for “EST. 267” inside the USDA mark of inspection to determine whether your product is subject to recall. You can see the full list here.

Salmonella is an extremely common bacterial infection that can cause nasty symptoms, but it’s typically brief and non-life-threatening, as SELF previously reported.

Symptoms usually begin between 12 and 72 hours after you eat something contaminated. Those symptoms may include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever

Luckily, most healthy adults will recover after four to seven days of feeling crappy without doing more than staying hydrated and getting rest at home.

Some people, however, including young children, pregnant women, elderly adults, and those with weakened immune systems, are at a greater risk for developing complications that require medical attention. Treatment usually includes antibiotics, anti-diarrheal medication, or IV fluids for dehydration.

If your symptoms persist or get worse—that may mean you’re having difficulty staying hydrated, see blood in your stool, or aren’t feeling better after a few days—then you should check in with your doctor.

The FSIS advises anyone who has purchased these products to either throw them out or return them to the store where they bought them.

The concern is that these products may be stored away in people’s freezers—so make sure to check. And, as a reminder, the FSIS advises everyone to cook their ground beef products to an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit in order to kill any potentially harmful bacteria like salmonella. (All other cuts must reached an internal temperature of 145 degrees Fahrenheit and be allowed to rest for three minutes after cooking.)

So, you don’t have to go totally without your burgers, but you do need to practice basic meat safety rules before chowing down.


Ask a Swole Woman: Are Fasted Workouts Safe?

Hi Casey,

I’ve been doing StrongLifts for about 6 months now, and have always felt better working out when I don’t have anything in my stomach.

I’m doing a 30-day program with my gym, and everyone who signed up gets a free body composition measurement before and after the program. We have to come to the first measurement fasted, so I asked if it was possible to work out before the measurement since it’s on one of my usual lifting days. The gym owner responded by telling me it’s “possible as long as you don’t eat, however I don’t recommend working out on an empty stomach.”

Is this legit advice? I have searched high and low on the internet for the answer to this damn question, and it seems to always be “whatever feels best for you.” Is this the case? Is there science or fact to back up one over the other? There’s a chance I’ve even asked you for help before. Help!?



There probably isn’t an easy answer out there because there isn’t an easy answer that exists, but what you’ve found so far is basically right: If you feel terrible eating before working out, then it doesn’t make sense for you to do so. I’ve personally found that my own results can vary workout to workout: I can do squats just fine having eaten within the last hour or two, but if I do the same and try to do a deadlift, I get weird and deeply uncomfortable pressure in my stomach when I try to brace my core. So, yeah, count this as another vote for “whatever feels best for you.”

But about the science of it all: The idea of working out “fasted” has become very trendy in our culture, because people think that doing so means your body will “pull energy directly from its fat stores,” or some such. There’s some truth to the fat-stores thing—when you work out, your body first uses glycogen (from carbs) for energy, but if you’re low on glycogen (because, say, you’re working out first thing in the morning and haven’t eaten since dinner last night), your body will turn to fat for fuel instead. So in theory it makes sense, but in practice it can get a bit more complicated than that—the science is mixed, and the type of workout you do matters, and so on. And then there’s the issue that working out in a fasted state might mean that you aren’t as productive or efficient as you could be, which might get in the way of your progress (more on this in a bit). All of that is to say that, for body-fat composition goals, your pre-workout eating habits may not actually be as important of a factor as you think, science aside. Might they matter for, say, a bodybuilder in their final weeks of competition prep? Yes, possibly. For a more typical or casual exerciser? Probably not so much.

However, the body-fat composition stuff is a separate issue from 1) comfort and 2) fueling your workouts in general. For a lot of people, having some fuel in the tank before exercising can mean the difference between a productive workout and a lousy one (or even passing out during a deadlift, which, yes, actually happens). That doesn’t mean you need to eat a full meal before working out (which, honestly, you probably wouldn’t want to work out after a full meal anyway), but sometimes simple snacks can make a huge difference in performance. That being said, the most important thing with eating and working out is making sure you are fueled generally; if you undereat for a week, but make sure to have a snack before working out, that extra snack probably isn’t going to do much for you. But if you’ve been eating well leading up the workout—meaning eating enough food, and also getting enough in the way of nutrition—then a snack before a workout could make a difference.

Some people like a snack of roughly 200 calories or so that is mostly quick-fueling carbs; I eat candy even. I bought a five-pound bag of sour gummy worms about a year ago that I’m still working my way through. 200 calories is not much, and definitely not the difference between feeling full or not full (at least not in my experience), so even if working out on a full meal bothers you, a small, easily digested snack might not.

For longer workouts, some people even like “intra-workout” snacks or drinks that will boost their energy a bit and help them rehydrate and replenish their electrolytes (yes, the snack can even be a drink!). This might be a familiar concept if you’ve say, ever run a long race. We know enough now about the benefits of periodically refueling with some carbs that you’d be hard-pressed to find a half-marathon or longer race without sports-drink or even energy-gel stations to keep runners going. I learned this the hard way the first time I ever ran nine miles (as part of a reasonably paced training program) on nothing but a few sips of water; I nearly blacked out in a Whole Foods. The same principle applies to lifting; you’re doing something quite taxing, and it might help you to finish a workout strong if you goose your energy and hydration levels a bit with a snack during.

All of this is probably why your gym owner doesn’t advocate working out on an empty stomach, particularly if you haven’t fueled up properly during the day; your body is, in the end, a pretty simple set of mechanisms, and it needs energy to do things. There is also just the matter of timing: if you go into the gym having not eaten in 3 to 4 hours, spend an hour in there, by the time you leave and reach a source of food you probably won’t have eaten in close to 6 hours, which… it kinda sucks to not eat for that long on purpose, if you’re not sleeping! It would be nice to have a little snack in there.

Fortunately, SELF has an absolute embarrassment of snacking options we can tell you about. In my experience, most lifters would agree that your snack should be mostly simple carbs to top off your glycogen, with a smidge of protein or fat (more like a banana or apple with a little peanut butter, less like a small handful of almonds). And here’s what a registered dietitian recommends, if you’re curious. But if you’re mostly just trying to stay not-starving between meals, whatever you like works. Maybe the most important thing is to experiment with what you like and what feels best. If you think you feel OK without snacks, you might be surprised to find you feel even better with them. Or maybe you’ll hate them! No one, including your gym owner, can tell you for certain what will make you feel best. But if you’re looking for levers to pull to optimize your time in the gym, not just for effort but for how you feel, snacks might actually be what you’re looking for.

Strength is for everyone, but it’s especially for women. Ask a Swole Woman is a column for people who are tired of trying to always be less, eat less, do less, and make it look perfect and effort-free. Have a question for me about strength training or anything related? If you’re ready to give your body what it needs, to test your grit, and become more than you ever have been, email AASW@self.com.

Casey Johnston is the editor of the Future section at The Outline and a competitive powerlifter with a degree in applied physics. She writes the column Ask a Swole Woman for SELF. You can find her on Twitter: @caseyjohnston.

New DNA tool predicts height, shows promise for serious illness assessment

A new DNA tool created by Michigan State University can accurately predict people’s height, and more importantly, could potentially assess their risk for serious illnesses, such as heart disease and cancer.

For the first time, the tool, or algorithm, builds predictors for human traits such as height, bone density and even the level of education a person might achieve, purely based on one’s genome. But the applications may not stop there.

“While we have validated this tool for these three outcomes, we can now apply this method to predict other complex traits related to health risks such as heart disease, diabetes and breast cancer,” said Stephen Hsu, lead investigator of the study and vice president for research and graduate studies at MSU. “This is only the beginning.”

Further applications have the potential to dramatically advance the practice of precision health, which allows physicians to intervene as early as possible in patient care and prevent or delay illness.

The research, featured in the October issue of Genetics, analyzed the complete genetic makeup of nearly 500,000 adults in the United Kingdom using machine learning, where a computer learns from data.

In validation tests, the computer accurately predicted everyone’s height within roughly an inch. While bone density and educational attainment predictors were not as precise, they were accurate enough to identify outlying individuals who were at risk of having very low bone density associated with osteoporosis or were at risk of struggling in school.

Traditional genetic testing typically looks for a specific change in a person’s genes or chromosomes that can indicate a higher risk for diseases such as breast cancer. Hsu’s model considers numerous genomic differences and builds a predictor based on the tens of thousands of variations.

Using data from the UK Biobank, an international resource for health information, Hsu and his team put the algorithm to work, evaluating each participant’s DNA and teaching the computer to pull out these distinct differences.

“The algorithm looks at the genetic makeup and height of each person,” Hsu said. “The computer learns from each person and ultimately produces a predictor that can determine how tall they are from their genome alone.”

Hsu’s team will continue to improve the algorithms, while tapping into larger, more diverse data sets. Doing this would further validate the techniques and continue to help map out the genetic architecture of these important traits and disease risks.

With greater computing power and decreasing costs around DNA sequencing, what was once thought to be five to 10 years out, is now a lot closer when it comes to this type of work, Hsu added.

“Our team believes this is the future of medicine,” he said. “For the patient, a genomic test can be as simple as a cheek swab, with a cost of about $50. Once we calculate the predictors for genetically based diseases, early intervention can save billions of dollars in treatment costs, and more importantly, save lives.”

Story Source:

Materials provided by Michigan State University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Lili Reinhart Explains Why Talking Openly About Her Acne Is ‘Therapeutic’

Since Lili Reinhart started opening up about having cystic acne and the effects it has on her mental health, she’s also encouraged others to share their own experiences, and to love and accept their own skin. And in a new interview with People, Reinhart explained that talking so openly about her acne has actually been beneficial for her own mental well-being.

“I guess I got sick of feeling like I was the only one,” she said, explaining why she first chose to be more open about her skin.

“When I have a breakout, I feel the urge to tell people, ‘Yes, I know my skin is breaking out.’ It’s a way to help me feel better about when I express my frustration about it to other people. It’s like, ‘Yes, I’m aware my skin looks bad. Trust me, I know.’ Acknowledging it gets it out of the way. Then we can move past it.”

She added, “I find it therapeutic sharing that with my fans because it made me feel like it was OK when I broke out. It also shows other people that it’s OK to break out.”

Previously, Reinhart said that her acne triggers a “specific type of body dysmorphia,” a mental disorder in which you focus intently on any perceived flaws in your appearance to the extent that it impacts your ability to live your life, the Mayo Clinic explains. Reinhart has also spoken previously about doing her makeup in the dark when she was younger to avoid seeing her face in the light and that, when she had a breakout, she couldn’t look at herself in the mirror “for a couple of months at a time.”

Acne may seem like a minor skin issue, but it can have serious effects on your mental health, SELF reported previously.

Having any chronic health condition can cause stress, but because a skin condition like acne is so visible, managing it can be a unique challenge. And that doesn’t just mean they feel a little bit down or anxious—according to a study published in the British Journal of Dermatology earlier this year, people with acne in the study were 6.5 times more likely to have clinical depression than those without the skin condition. And the highest risk for depression came within the first year after being formally diagnosed with acne.

Luckily, posts like Reinhart’s make it that much easier for those with acne to speak honestly about what they experience and help normalize it, which is a great first step in helping people feel more comfortable in their skin.


Evidence mounts linking aspirin to lower risk of ovarian cancer

Taking a low-dose aspirin daily may help women lower their risk of developing ovarian cancer. A new study co-led by Moffitt Cancer Center found that women who reported taking a low-dose aspirin every day had a 23 percent lower risk of ovarian cancer compared to nonaspirin users. The research also found that women who were heavy users of nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen (Aleve), over a long period of time had a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.

The findings were published online today by JAMA Oncology.

Ovarian cancer is the most fatal gynecological cancer, largely due to lack of early detection strategies. It is believed that inflammation that occurs during ovulation plays a role in the development of this cancer. But anti-inflammatory medications, such as aspirin, have been shown to lower the risk of certain types of cancers.

For this study, Shelley Tworoger, Ph.D., associate center director for Population Science at Moffitt, worked with researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health to analyze data from more than 200,000 women who took part in the Nurses’ Health Studies based at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. Of the participants, 1,054 developed ovarian cancer. Researchers looked at the participants’ use of aspirin (325 milligrams), low-dose aspirin (100 milligrams or less), non-aspirin NSAIDs and acetaminophen.

Their analysis found that low-dose aspirin use was associated with a lower risk of ovarian cancer while standard-dose aspirin use was not. Conversely, the data showed that women who took non-aspirin NSAIDs often, defined by at least 10 tablets per week for many years, had an increased risk of developing the disease.

The findings help confirm research published earlier this year by Tworoger in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The study, which used data pooled from 13 studies in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium, included more than 750,000 women, of which 3,500 were diagnosed with ovarian cancer. It found that daily use of aspirin reduced ovarian cancer risk by 10 percent.

“We’re not quite at the stage where we could make the recommendation that daily aspirin use lowers ovarian cancer risk. We need to do more research. But it is definitely something women should discuss with their physician,” said Tworoger.

Story Source:

Materials provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

13 Top-Rated Styling Products for Curly Hair With at Least 500 Reviews on Amazon

Since recommitting to wearing my natural curls, I’ve starting paying even closer attention to which styling products are fortunate enough to pass through my tresses. I’ve tested tons of styling items—gels, conditioners, and creams included—that aren’t always the right fit for my hair needs. Now that I’m all in on my curl journey, I’ve become very particular about products what actually end up in my shopping cart.

Aside from taking recommendations from curly friends and family members, I always make mental notes on products that have only the best reviews and ratings (4-stars and up) from fellow shoppers at my favorite sites, like Amazon. I know I can trust customer-approved recommendations since most shoppers, like me, only want to spend their hard-earned money on products that actually get the job (or twist out) done, and I can almost always find a shopper who has a similar hair type to mine.

Read on for the best curl-friendly styling products that Amazon shoppers are stocking up on to keep their curls looking bouncy and super hydrated.